How do I sleep in a Linux shell script?

/bin/sleep is Linux or Unix command to delay for a specified amount of time. You can suspend the calling shell script for a specified time. For example, pause for 10 seconds or stop execution for 2 mintues. In other words, the sleep command pauses the execution on the next shell command for a given time.

How do you sleep in a shell script?

This article shows you how to use this Bash shell command effectively. Using sleep is easy. On the command line type sleep , a space, a number, and then press Enter. The cursor will disappear for five seconds and then return.

How do I put Linux to sleep?

Linux: Command to Shutdown / Restart / Sleep

  1. Shutdown: shutdown -P 0.
  2. Restart: shutdown -r 0.


How do I run a shell script?

Steps to write and execute a script

  1. Open the terminal. Go to the directory where you want to create your script.
  2. Create a file with . sh extension.
  3. Write the script in the file using an editor.
  4. Make the script executable with command chmod +x <fileName>.
  5. Run the script using ./<fileName>.
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What is Pause command in Linux?

pause() causes the calling process (or thread) to sleep until a signal is delivered that either terminates the process or causes the invocation of a signal-catching function.

What is wait in shell script?

wait is a command that waits for the given jobs to complete and returns the exit status of the waited for command. Since the wait command affects the current shell execution environment, it is implemented as a built-in command in most shells.

Does Linux have a sleep mode?

In Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and above suspend-then-hibernate works similarly. In this mode laptop sleeps or suspends to RAM when the lid is closed or a button is pressed. After a certain time that has been pre-set, the laptop will wake up and write the data in RAM to disk, and enter hibernate mode.

What does sleep do in Linux?

sleep command is used to create a dummy job. A dummy job helps in delaying the execution. It takes time in seconds by default but a small suffix(s, m, h, d) can be added at the end to convert it into any other format. This command pauses the execution for an amount of time which is defined by NUMBER.

What are the two ways of running a shell script?

4 Ways of Executing a Shell Script in UNIX / Linux

  • Execute Shell Script Using File Name. …
  • Execute Shell SCript by Specifying the Interpreter. …
  • Execute Shell Script Using . ./ (dot space dot slash) …
  • Execute Shell Script Using Source Command.


How do I run a script from command line?

Run a batch file

  1. From the start menu: START > RUN c:path_to_scriptsmy_script.cmd, OK.
  2. “c:path to scriptsmy script.cmd”
  3. Open a new CMD prompt by choosing START > RUN cmd, OK.
  4. From the command line, enter the name of the script and press return. …
  5. It is also possible to run batch scripts with the old (Windows 95 style) .
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How do I write a script in Linux?

How to Write Shell Script in Linux/Unix

  1. Create a file using a vi editor(or any other editor). Name script file with extension . sh.
  2. Start the script with #! /bin/sh.
  3. Write some code.
  4. Save the script file as
  5. For executing the script type bash


How do I wait in Linux?

When wait command is executed with $process_id then the next command will wait for completing the task of the first echo command. The second wait command is used with ‘$! ‘ and this indicate the process id of the last running process.

How do I pause a Linux terminal?

3 Answers. Press Control + Z . This will suspend the process and return you to a shell.

How do you kill a process in Linux?

  1. What Processes Can You Kill in Linux?
  2. Step 1: View Running Linux Processes.
  3. Step 2: Locate the Process to Kill. Locate a Process with ps Command. Finding the PID with pgrep or pidof.
  4. Step 3: Use Kill Command Options to Terminate a Process. killall Command. pkill Command. …
  5. Key Takeaways on Terminating a Linux Process.


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